Daman is a picturesque port town hugged by the Arabian Sea and swaying casaurinas. The location advantage of Daman is its close proximity to Bombay, which is just 160km away. The nearest railhead is Vapi, which is just 8kms away. Most of the Express trains from Mumbai to Surat, Baroda, Ahmedabad and Delhi stop here. It is also located close to the National Highway. It is situated in the Surat District of Gujarat.
Daman boasts of a rich historical heritage spanning over more than 2000 years. From 2nd century AD it formed a part of the country known as Lata, which was one of the seven divisions of Konkan Vaishaya. Daman has been a coveted prize for which princes, monarchs and alien powers waged wars. The Portuguese seized Daman in 1531 and were officially cede the region by Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat in 1559 and it remained a Portuguese enclave till 1961. There's still a lingering Portuguese flavour to the town, with its fine old forts and churches.
The town is divided by the Daman Ganga River. The Northern section is known as Nani Daman or Little Daman. Most of the hotels, restaurants and bars are located here. The Southern part is Moti Daman or Big Daman. Here, the government buildings and churches are enclosed within an imposing wall. The two sections are connected by the Daman Ganga Bridge over the river.
Daman can boast of a rich and multi-faced cultural heritage. It had been a melting pot, where races and cultures met and mixed to bring forth a multi-coloured identity. Here is a true fusion of cultures - tribal, urban, European and Indian. This ornate amalgam is reflected in the traditional dances of Daman. Various Portuguese dances are well preserved and still widely presented. Tribal dances with caustic social comments are much in vogue.
An interesting feature of the region is the festival of Nariyal Poornima, which marks the commencement of the fishing season. The people of Daman flock to the seashore to offer coconut to the mighty Gods who preside over wind and water. It is a day of joy, feasting and revelry. A variety of colorful water sports and cultural programs are held on the occasion.