Flora and Fauna
Flora in Sultanpur National Park
Sultanpur National Park is enclosed with tropical and dry deciduous forests, containing mainly of babul, savannah grasses, Jamun, Berberis, Neem and banyans. The fertile grounds of the park are covered with lawns, trees, shrubs and plenty of bougainvilleas.
The State Government of Haryana is also planting trees like Acacia Nilotica, Acacia Tortilis, Beris and Neem that are popular with the birds. The vegetation of the Sultanpur
Fauna in Sultanpur National Park
Apart from the vegetation and birds, the sanctuary is also home to a number of common animals. Some of the most commonly seen animals in this sanctuary include the Striped Hyena, Leopard, Nilgai, Sambar, Blackbuck, Hog Deer, Four Horned Antelope, Caracal, Wild Dog, Rattle/Honey Badger, Mongoose, Hedgehog, Wild Pig, Wild Cat, Indian Porcupine, etc.
The Sultanpur National Park is home to about 250, out of a total 450 species of birds, found in Haryana. Apart from the resident birds, the Sultanpur National Park also witnesses more than a 100 migratory bird species, every year. These birds come to the sanctuary in search of feeding grounds and to pass the winter. Some of the birds are residents of this sanctuary, while the others come from distant regions like Siberia, Europe and Afghanistan.
Resident Birds: Common Hoopoe, Common Spoonbill, Common Mynah, Bank Mynah, Spot Bill, Grey Francolin, Black Francolin, Painted Stork, Black-necked Stork, Paddy Field Pipit, Rose-Ringed Parakeet, Black-headed ibis, White Ibis, Little Egret, Great Egret, Cattle Egret, Purple Sunbird, Indian Cormorant, White-throated Kingfisher, Red-vented Bulbul, Shikra, Red-wattled Lapwing, Laughing Dove, Red-collared Dove, Eurasian Collared Dove, Little Cormorant, Indian Roller, Crested Lark, Magpie Robin, Greater Coucal, Weaver Bird, Green Bee-eater, Spotted Owlet, Rock Pigeon, etc.
Migratory Birds: Migratory birds coming to this national park in winter are Siberian Crane, Spotted Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Spot-billed Pelican, Rosy Pelican, White Wagtail, Yellow Wagtail, Greater Flamingo, Black-winged Stilt, Ruff, Common Greenshank, Common Teal, Northern Pintail, Northern Shoveler, Gadwall, Eurasian Wigeon, Starling, Blue-throat & Long-tailed Pipit, Spotted Redshank, Black-tailed Godwit, etc. About 11 species of migratory birds also visit this park during summer.
Some of them are Asian Koel, Comb Duck, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Blue-tailed Bea-eater, Cuckoos, Black-crowned Night Heron, Grey Heron, Eurasian Golden Oriole, etc.