Jallianwala Bagh is located near the Golden Temple, is a poignant memorial of the Freedom Movement. This garden was the site of a brutal massacre of over 2000 innocent unarmed people, on the orders of British General Dyer on April 13, 1919. It is witness to one of the most gruesome incidents that happened during the Indian struggle for independence.
Jallianwalan Bagh in Amritsar
The Rowlett Act of 1919 that empowered the British police to imprison any person on mere suspicion of terrorism enraged the Indians. A political meeting was convened at Jallianwala bagh. But the majority in the crowd comprised of those who had gathered to celebrate the harvest festival of Punjab, Baisakhi. Without any warning to disperse, the mob was fired upon the orders of General Dyer. The park had only one exit that was blocked by the armed troops. 1650 rounds of fire claimed the lives of 379 (official figure; actual no. was much more) innocent people.
This appalling massacre was one of the major events in India's struggle for freedom. The bullet scarred walls of the well-kept garden, today, enclose a memorial with an eternal flame, dedicated to the martyrs and has become a place of pilgrimage.
The marks of the bullets can still be seen there. The well into which many jumped to avoid the fire is also well preserved.
Wall with bullet shots in Jallianwalan Bagh
The innocent armless civilians, scared of the bullets of the soldiers who were firing at them during the massacre of Jalianwala Bagh, fell/Jumped into this well and died.
Martyr's Well Jallianwalan Bagh
After Independence a flame shaped memorial has been instated here to pay homage to the victims. The martyr’s gallery in the complex displays portraits of some of the freedom fighters associated with this place.
Amar Jyoti at Jallianwalan Bagh
Jallianwalan Bagh is open all 7 days. There is no entry fee or ticket to view the park.
Summers: 6:00 AM to 7:00 PM
Winters: 7:00 AM to 6:00 PM
Martyr’s Gallery Timing:
Summers: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Winters: 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM