Almora is a hill district in the central Kumaon region of Uttrakhand. It is perched atop the 5km long saddle-shaped ridge of the Kashyap hill, which is mentioned in ancient scriptures. This beautiful scenic place known for its healthy climate is situated at an altitude of 5900 ft. The town of Almora was founded about 1560 AD by Balo Kalyan Chand, the Raja of Champavat, who later made it the capital of the Chand kingdom. It was ruled by the Chand Rajas upto the 18th century. The Gurkhas ruled for about 25 years, after which it was captured by British and remained under their control till Independence. Almora is the cultural centre of Kumaon. The people have still preserved the traditional customs of the region and one can still find the traditional carved houses with slate covered roofs and flagstone streets. From the town one can have splendid views of the Trishuli, Nanda Devi, Nadakot and other peaks of the Himalayas. In September the Nanda Devi Fair is celebrated here for 3-4 days, which people of many of the surrounding village attend. There are various programs of traditional songs and dances by the village people.