Corbett National Park
One of the finest habitats of the tiger in India, the Jim Corbett National Park nestles in the foothills of the Himalayas, in the area known as South Patlidun. Extending over a tract of 521 sq. km, the park is a large valley with forested ridges running through it.
Being one of the oldest parks of India, it is quite popular amongst tourists. It is not only a rage amongst the domestic tourists but is equally appreciated by foreign visitors. Being established with an aim to preserve primarily the endangered Bengal Tigers, the park now boasts of rich flora and fauna. The biodiversity visible within the bounds of this park is simply amazing. However, due to the fact that a large number of enthusiasts visit the renowned park, it is important to know the means of traveling or getting to Jim Corbett National Park.
The Ramganga River winds through its entire length in a south-westerly direction and the numerous forest streams and rivulets that flow into it, carve up the area into little ridges and ravines. Dense stands of sal and mixed deciduous forests are found throughout the Park while the 'chaurs' or the grasslands in the valleys, about one tenth of the core area, offer visitors a better view of the wildlife
With elevations in the Park ranging from 400m to 1210m there is a rich diversity in habitat. Flora and fauna of the Himalayas and those of peninsular India can both be seen here.
With its varied topography, diverse flora and fauna and the natural splendor of its landscapes the Park is a precious heritage. Established in 1936, this reserve was known as the Hailey National Park. It was later renamed after Jim Corbett the famous hunter, author and pioneer conservationist who helped set up this wildlife sanctuary. Corbett was the first designated Project Tiger Reserve, in 1973, though its tigers are extremely elusive. There are viewing towers as well as elephant/jeep rides for visitors, every morning and evening.
Among the predators are the tiger, leopard and the dhole (wild dog). There are antelopes, nilgai (blue bull), and varieties of deer, primates (rhesus and langur) and other animals like jackals, foxes, civets, wild boar, sloth bear, and black bear. Elephant herds and a range of reptiles including cobra, python and crocodiles. The rare fish eating, long snouted gharial and the more robust mugger (a large marsh crocodile) can be seen basking along the sand-banks and pools of the Ramganga. The river, which is also noted for its sporting fish, the mighty mahaseer is also popular with anglers.
A fine reservoir on the river formed with the building of a dam at Kalagarh attracts diverse species of birds, both local and migratory. Bird life ranges from water birds such as the pied kingfisher to pheasants and birds of prey, including the crested serpent eagle, Pallas's fishing eagle and Himalayan grey-headed fishing eagle.